Phonological awareness: The ability to recognize and manipulate the sound properties of spoken words, such as syllables, initial sounds, rhyming parts, and phonemes.
Phoneme awareness: The ability to recognize and manipulate individual phonemes in spoken words. (resource: Equipped for Reading Success, Kilpatrick, 2016)
Below is a screener with instructions that is helpful for determining skill levels:
A student may need intervention in this area if he/she has been provided with systematic, explicit and direct instruction and if more than half of the class scored higher than the student on a universal screener.